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群书治要360中英对照 | 夫仁义礼制者,治之本也;法令刑罚者,治之末也


夫(fú/ㄈㄨ/)仁义礼制者,治之本也;法令刑罚者,治之末也。无本者不立,无末者不成。夫(fú/ㄈㄨ/)礼教之治,先之以仁义,示之以敬让①,使民迁善②日用③而不知也。(卷五十 袁子正书)

(注释)①敬让:恭敬谦让。②迁善:去恶为善,改过向善。③日用:每天应用;日常应用。

(白话)仁义礼制,是治理国家的根本;法令刑罚,是治理国家的枝叶。没有根本就不能长久建立,没有枝叶就不能稳定建设。以礼义教化治国,首先要实行仁义,带头做到恭敬谦让,使人民在日常生活中不知不觉就迁善改过。

The standards of benevolence, righteousness, and propriety form the roots of the administration. The standards of law and punishment form the offshoots of an administration. Without the roots, a nation cannot be established. Without the offshoots a nation cannot be developed. To engage propriety and righteous principles to guide a nation, the administration must first implement benevolent rule and lead the people to nurture respects and humility, making them akin to proper conducts without being aware that this is happening. Scroll 50: Yuan Zi Zheng Shu

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