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群书治要360中英对照 | 《彖》曰:家人,女正位乎内,男正位乎外,天地之大义也

《彖》曰:家人,女正位乎内,男正位乎外①,天地之大义也。家人有严君焉,父母之谓也。父父、子子、兄兄、弟弟、夫夫、妇妇,而家道正,正家而天下定矣。(卷一 周易) (注释)①女正位乎内…


《彖》曰:家人,女正位乎内,男正位乎外①,天地之大义也。家人有严君焉,父母之谓也。父父、子子、兄兄、弟弟、夫夫、妇妇,而家道正,正家而天下定矣。(卷一 周易)

(注释)①女正位乎内,男正位乎外:女,指六二;男,指九五。这是以二、五两爻得正于内外卦之象,说明女主家内事,男主家外事,以此来释卦名。

(白话)《彖传》上说:“家人卦”,象征女子守着正道,居于家内,相夫教子;男子守着正道,处理外务,承担经济重担;男女各自安守正道,这是天地间的义理。家庭中有严明的君长,这就是指父母亲。父亲善尽父道,儿子善尽孝道,兄长善尽为兄之道,弟弟也善尽为弟之道,丈夫善尽夫道,妻子善尽妇道,这样一来家道就能端正,所有家庭都能端正家道,那么天下就安定了。

The book of Tuan Zhuan said:”In the oracle named ‘family members’: A woman has her correct place on the inside, a man has his correct place on the outside. This is the great equitable way of heaven and earth. Each family is headed by ‘leaders’–a term referring to the father and the mother–who are serious and principled. When parents fulfill their duties as parents; when children fulfill their duties as children; when elder brothers fulfill their duties as elder brothers; when younger brothers fulfill their duties as younger brothers; when a husband fulfills his duties as a husband; when a wife fulfills her duties as a wife, then the family will live in harmony. When all families live in harmony, the whole world will become stable and harmonious.” Scroll 1: Zhou Yi

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