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群书治要360中英对照 | 欲求忠臣,出孝子之门

子曰:“君子之事亲孝,故忠可移于君;欲求忠臣,出孝子之门,故可移于君。事兄悌,故顺可移于长;以敬事兄则顺,故可移于长也。居家理①,故治可移于官。君子所居则化,所在则治,故可移于官也…


子曰:“君子之事亲孝,故忠可移于君;欲求忠臣,出孝子之门,故可移于君。事兄悌,故顺可移于长;以敬事兄则顺,故可移于长也。居家理①,故治可移于官。君子所居则化,所在则治,故可移于官也。是以行②成于内,而名立③于后世矣。”(卷九 孝经)

(注释)①居家理:指处理家事有条有理、家务管理得好。理,正、治理。②行:指孝、悌和善于理家三种优良的品行。③立:建立;树立。

(白话)孔子说:“君子奉事父母能尽孝道,因此能把这种孝敬心转移去效忠君主;奉事兄长能尽悌道,因此能将这种恭敬心推移去顺从长官;家居生活治理得当,因此能把治家的经验移于处理政务。所以,在家中养成了孝、悌和善于理家的品行,在外才能建功立业,美好的名声自然会显扬于后世。”

Confucius said: “The faithfulness that a superior person has shown in serving his parents can be applied to serving his leader; the reverence that he holds in serving his elder siblings can be applied to serving his superior; the well-regulated operation of his family can be applied to good government in any official position. Therefore, when a person is accustomed to filial and fraternal duties at home, he can venture to start a career and establish his name with future generations.” Scroll 9: Xiao Jing

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