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群书治要360 | 昏礼者,将合二姓之好,上以事宗庙,而下以继后世也

昏礼者,将合二姓之好,上以事宗庙,而下以继后世也。故君子重之。男女有别,而后夫妇有义;夫妇有义,而后父子有亲;父子有亲,而后君臣有正。故曰:婚礼者,礼之本也。(卷七 礼记) 注释:…

昏礼者,将合二姓之好,上以事宗庙,而下以继后世也。故君子重之。男女有别,而后夫妇有义;夫妇有义,而后父子有亲;父子有亲,而后君臣有正。故曰:婚礼者,礼之本也。(卷七 礼记)

注释:①【昏】通“婚”。婚姻。

【白话】婚礼,是缔结两个不同姓氏的家族交好。对上来说,可以奉事宗庙祭祀祖先;对下来说,可以传宗接代、承继香火。所以君子十分重视婚礼。男女各有分工且各尽其责,则夫妇之间才有道义;夫妇间的道义建立起来了,给后代做了榜样,然后父子才能亲爱和睦;父子之间有了亲爱,然后君臣才能各正本位。因此说,婚礼是礼的根本。

The propriety of marriage unites two families with different surnames, to commemorate the ancestors with respects and offerings, and produce offspring to carry on the family name and the teachings of the forefathers. Therefore, a superior person would value marriage as an important event. With a man and a woman playing different roles comes a righteous commitment between a husband and a wife. With a righteous commitment between a husband and a wife comes a filial closeness between parents and children. With parents and children displaying a filial closeness comes a rightful relationship between a superior and his subordinates. Hence, the propriety of marriage is the foundation of all proprieties. Scroll 7: Li Ji

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